The School of Public Health (SPH) recently published a feature in Findings magazine on ‘hot button issues’ with perspectives from the SPH community. Several Risk Science Center members and collaborators were featured, and we are grateful to Findings for allowing us to re-post these articles as a six-part series in Risk Sense.
The Issue: Despite the risks posed from cell-phone use and texting inside cars and trucks, auto manufacturers have begun installing and marketing the use of touchscreen computers on automobile dashboards. At least 18 percent of all reported injury crashes in the U.S. in 2010 involved distracted driving, so the question now is whether the escalation of personal technologies inside motor vehicles will lead to a corresponding escalation of injuries. If so, what should the federal and/or state governments do to keep the public safe?
The Debate: The federal government has issued regulations on trucks, and legislators in many states have considered laws to restrict the use of cell phones and other personal technologies. But auto manufacturers are not being challenged on their decisions regarding personal computing technologies. Aside from limits on texting and hand-held cell phones in some states, regulators at the federal and state level are not aggressively pursuing restrictions on personal technology use inside cars and trucks.
A Way Forward: We need a much broader discussion about the availability and use of personal computing technologies inside motor vehicles—and about the responsibility of auto manufacturers and the role of state and federal governments. States could consider legislation to ban the use of touchscreen computers on state roads and highways. In addition to supporting such laws, public health professionals should develop the same kind of campaigns they used so successfully to advocate for seatbelt use and designated driving.
Auto insurers can begin offering lower rates to drivers who adopt restrictions on technology use. Both the U.S. Department of Transportation and state DOTs should mount vigorous campaigns to heighten public awareness of the dangers of personal technology use while driving. Auto manufacturers need to think seriously about what they’re putting inside motor vehicles and why, and should work to develop new safety features to help offset the risks posed by new technologies.
—Peter D. Jacobson, Professor of Health Law and Policy, U-M SPH Department of Health Management and Policy; Director, U-M Center for Law, Ethics, and Health; President, Public Health Law Association